عنوان مقاله [English]
The aim of this paper is modeling the direct effects of sanctions on Iranian exchange market and its overflow impacts on macroeconomic variables including inflation and unemployment during the 1978-2015 period. For this purpose, a diverse range of econometric models such as ARMAX, GARCH and Markov Switching have been applied. The estimation results of the research models have indicated that the sanctions have three direct effects on exchange market including: increasing exchange rate, increasing the gap between official and free market exchange rates and increasing exchange rate volatility. Also, the estimation results of the Markov Switching models have shown that the sanctions have increased both of inflation and unemployment rates as a way of foreign exchange market. In other words, increasing the real exchange rate, increasing the gap between official and free market exchange rates and increasing the exchange rate volatility have a significant positive impact on both of unemployment and inflation rate.